Achilles tendonitis is a term that refers to inflammation of the Achilles tendon or its covering. It’s an injury that commonly occurs to those who jump and jog regularly or engage in similar activities that require the same repetitive action.
Tendons are the tough fibres that connect muscle to bone. While a tendon injury may seem to happen suddenly it’s often to result of many tiny injuries to the tendon that has occurred over time.
There are many terms to describe a tendon injury, such as:
- Tendonitis (or tendinitis): refers to inflammation of the tendon.
- Tendinosis: refers degeneration of the tendon.
- Tendinopathy: refers to tendon pathology (condition).
Most tendon injuries result from overuse or doing too much too quickly. While a tendon injury can happen suddenly from large forces that are required in sports, tendon’s that have been weakened over time are most likely to experience an injury.
Pain and tightness in the Achilles location are common symptoms. Morning pain that is felt when getting out of bed and taking the first steps of the day is also common. Achilles pain can be vague at times and only experienced at the end of a run or exercise session.
Treatment for Achilles tendinitis is centred on reducing pain and restoring the function and capacity to the tendon. Rehabilitation exercises are the cornerstone of treatment.