Acute low pain

Acute low back pain

Acute low back pain is extremely common. In fact, 80% us will experience low back pain at some point in out lives. The good new is, in the vast majority of cases this acute low back pain will not be from anything serious. Although we know a lot about low back pain, in many cases we can only classify low back pain not determine the exact cause of the pain. For example we know that the pain is mechanical (muscles and joints, nerves, tendons and ligaments) or non-mechanical. Most acute low back pain is due to minor strains or sustained poor postures. Most people will make a full recovery from low back pain even if they do nothing at all. Medication may help acute low back pain but don’t seem to be too effective for chronic pain.

Symptoms of acute low back pain

In acute low back pain the symptoms can be quite variable. Generally speaking pain usually develops in the low back and spread out to the flanks and into the buttock areas. Movement of the low back may become limited and when nerves become affected there may be pain that extends down back of the leg into the foot (radiculopathy). Acute low back pain severity depends on the source of the pain, when muscles are affected the pain is usually not as intense as when an intervertebral disc or nerve is involved. A chiropractor or physiotherapist will ask you a great deal about the cause of your low back pain and if any trauma was involved.

Treatments of acute low back pain

The treatment of acute low back pain depends on the cause of the low back pain and how the pain is categorised. For example if the low back pain is neurogenic meaning it comes from a nerve the treatment is different than if the low back pain comes from a muscle (somatic pain). The mechanism of the low back pain will also determine the treatments that your chiropractor or physiotherapist gives you, for example in acute injuries where the low back has a sprain or strain to its muscles or joints for treatments directed at reducing pain and inflammation may be employed, however in chronic cases of low back pain more aggressive active overpressure treatments may be used such as McKenzie Method techniques. In all cases of low back pain, one thing is consistent at Sydney Spine & Sports Centre (S3C). All the treatments delivered by our chiropractors and physiotherapists are based on the very latest research and evidence base. This is the gold standard on physiotherapy and chiropractic for acute low back pain.

Causes of low back pain

The following conditions are common causes of low back pain.