A hernia occurs when an organ pushes through a muscle or tissue that holds it in place. Theses are most common in the abdominal area, and are not life threatening. If left untreated the hole can become bigger and more problematic. In this context we will discus the most common hernia – the inguinal hernia.
Causes of a hernia
Around 80% of hernias are inguinal and 5% of the popular will experience one. Men are 25 times more likely to suffer an inguinal hernia than women. Inguinal hernias can indirect or direct. Indirect hernias happen when part of the abdomen protrudes through the deep inguinal ring and is often the cause of a birth defect. Direct hernias take place when part of the abdomen protrudes through a weak point in the abdominal wall into the inguinal canal.
Symptoms of a hernia
Symptoms of a hernia include pain in the groin area during training and exercise, which increases during coughing and sneezing and a bulge in the area, which disappears when lying down. If untreated, other contents of the abdomen, such as the bowel, can protrude through into the hernia causing it to grow. This can become fatal as the intestines can become pinched, causing blockages
Treatment of a hernia
If you suspect a hernia, it is recommended you received medical treatment immediately as you will require surgery. If the abdominal wall is ruptured, rest alone will not repair it and surgery will be required. Depending on the extended of the hernia, emergency surgery may be advised.
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