Groin strain

Groin strain

A groin strain involves pulling or tearing the muscles of your groin and thigh and are usually related to activities such as sports and athletic events. Groin strains can occur from a one off injury or ongoing repetitive stress over a given period of time

Causes of a groin strain

The groin has five adductor muscles:

  1. Pectineus
  2. Adductor brevis
  3. Adductor longus
  4. Gracilis
  5. Adductor magnus

There are various causes of injuring one ore more of these muscles. The causes of groin strains often occur because of:

  • Sprinting
  • Changing direction suddenly and quickly
  • Problems in the lower
  • Rapid movement of the leg against resistance
  • Biomechanical factors
  • Over stretching
  • Not warming up properly before exercise
  • Having weak adductor muscles
  • Previous injury.

Symptoms of a groin strain

Sudden sharp pain in the belly or the muscle or further up where the tendon attaches to the pelvic bone is a common indicator that a groin strain has occurred. This pain can be felt when sprinting or changing direction. Groin strains range from grade 1, 2, and 3, depending on the extent of the injury.

  • Grade one: Minor tear that involves pain
  • Grade two: More severe pain with bruising and swelling
  • Grade three: An almost or complete rupture.

Treatment of a groin strain

Treatment for a groin strain involves:

  • Administering P.R.I.C.E (protection, rest, ice, compression and elevation) within the first 72 hours of the initial injury. A cold pack will reduce swelling and bleeding and speed up the healing process.
  • Wearing a groin support or strap to protect the muscle while it heals
  • Undergoing a full rehabilitation program at the guidance of a chiropractor or physiotherapist that will involve strengthening exercises to restore the muscle and recover
  • Receiving sports massage to release tension in the muscle and help blood flow. It is recommended that a sports massage in the initial stages of the injury be avoided as this may increase the bleeding making it worse and harder to recover
  • Sports specific or activity specific rehabilitation to return to sport or improve daily activity capacity

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