A groin strain involves pulling or tearing the muscles of your groin and thigh and are usually related to activities such as sports and athletic events. Groin strains can occur from a one off injury or ongoing repetitive stress over a given period of time
Causes of a groin strain
The groin has five adductor muscles:
- Adductor brevis
- Adductor longus
- Adductor magnus
There are various causes of injuring one ore more of these muscles. The causes of groin strains often occur because of:
- Changing direction suddenly and quickly
- Problems in the lower
- Rapid movement of the leg against resistance
- Biomechanical factors
- Over stretching
- Not warming up properly before exercise
- Having weak adductor muscles
- Previous injury.
Symptoms of a groin strain
Sudden sharp pain in the belly or the muscle or further up where the tendon attaches to the pelvic bone is a common indicator that a groin strain has occurred. This pain can be felt when sprinting or changing direction. Groin strains range from grade 1, 2, and 3, depending on the extent of the injury.
- Grade one: Minor tear that involves pain
- Grade two: More severe pain with bruising and swelling
- Grade three: An almost or complete rupture.
Treatment of a groin strain
Treatment for a groin strain involves:
- Administering P.R.I.C.E (protection, rest, ice, compression and elevation) within the first 72 hours of the initial injury. A cold pack will reduce swelling and bleeding and speed up the healing process.
- Wearing a groin support or strap to protect the muscle while it heals
- Undergoing a full rehabilitation program at the guidance of a chiropractor or physiotherapist that will involve strengthening exercises to restore the muscle and recover
- Receiving sports massage to release tension in the muscle and help blood flow. It is recommended that a sports massage in the initial stages of the injury be avoided as this may increase the bleeding making it worse and harder to recover
- Sports specific or activity specific rehabilitation to return to sport or improve daily activity capacity
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