Temporomandibular joint pain

Temporomandibular joint pain

Temporomandibular joint and muscle disorders (TMJ disorders) is a term that refers to difficulties experienced in the joints and muscles of the jaw, such as chewing. The preferred term for TMJ disorders, and jaw pain is temporomandibular disorders (TMD).

Causes of jaw pain

The exact cause of temporomandibular joint pain is unknown. Though, some causes could include:

  • Physical stress on the joint and muscles of the jaw
  • Incorrect bite
  • Grinding of the teeth
  • Orthodontic work, such as braces
  • Injury to the jaw joint and muscles
  • Injury to the neck and head
  • Stress and anxiety
  • Lack of sleep
  • Poor diet
  • Arthritis
  • Fractures and dislocations

Symptoms of jaw pain

Symptoms of temporomandibular joint pain include:

  • Difficulty or discomfort when biting or chewing
  • Aches such as headaches, toothaches and earaches
  • Sounds such as grating, clicking and popping when using the mouth to open or close
  • Pain or tenderness of the jaw
  • Locking of the jaw.

Treatment of jaw pain

The treatment of jaw pain will depend exclusively on what the exact cause of jaw pain is from. Some treatments will focus on muscle techniques, whereas others will be more focused on joint treatments or a combination of both. Education and advice are important in the treatment strategy of jaw pain, as these will allow for the fast recovery and the chance of aggravating the jaw pain between treatments to be reduced. At Sydney Spine & Sports Centre (S3C) we use evidence-based treatments that are based on the latest research and best practice guidelines for the treatment of jaw pain. Our Balmain and Dee Why chiropractors and physiotherapists use a range of comprehensive treatments that are safe and effective for jaw pain.

You may like to read further about head and jaw conditions here: