Our brain is incased in the skull, however between inner surface of the skull and outer surface of the brain we have three layers of tissue that surround the brain. The inner most layer is call the pia mater (pia for short), the next layer is call the arachnoid and the outer most and toughest layer is call the dura mater (dura). A subdural haematoma is a collection of blood (blood clot) that occurs between the outer two layers, the dura and arachnoid.
Subdural haematomas develop as a result of a traumatic head injury. This can occur during sporting accidents or incidents, car accidents and cases of violence. It can also occur from alcoholism and anticoagulant medications and old age. Subdural haematoma’s are diagnosed on CT scan, MRI scan and angiogram.
Symptoms of subdural hematoma
Since subdural haematomas can place tension and compression on any part of the brain there is a large range of symptoms that a patient may present with. Subdural haematoma symptoms may include nausea, vomiting, dizziness, headaches and muscle weakness. Keep in mind that symptoms will only develop as the blood clot becomes larger.
Treatment of subdural haematoma
The treatment of subdural haematoma usually involves surgery called burr hole drainage and craniotomy. These are complex surgical procedures that an experienced neurosurgeon will perform. At Sydney Spine & Sport Centre (S3C) our experienced chiropractors and physiotherapists will refer immediately for imaging and specialist medical care should a subdural haematoma be suspected.
Read further about head and jaw conditions:
- Epidural haematoms
- Cervical myelopathy
- Temporomandibular disorders
- Temporomandibular joint pain (TMJ)
- About S3C
- Our approach to back pain