An epidural haematoma is a collection of blood between the skull and the outer protective layer of the brain called the dura mater. In around 85-90% of cases, this is associated with a skull fracture. Trauma can cause epidural haematomas and may include motor vehicle accidents, collisions and sporting incidents. The blood vessels in the inner lining of the skull are the source of the bleeding following skull fracture. MRI and CT scan are used to confirm this condition.
Epidural haematoma places pressure on the brain, a person may lose consciousness, but this isn’t always the case. Other common symptoms include headache, vomiting and seizure. Since the mechanism is trauma, this is usually pick up on rather quickly.
Epidural haematoma is an emergency condition. Treatments are performed in the emergency department of a hospital. Specialist surgeons may perform surgery (craniotomy) to remove the haematoma.
Read more about head and jaw conditions:
- Subdural haematoma
- Cervical myelopathy
- Temporomandibular disorders
- Temporomandibular joint pain (TMJ)
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