Image 4 - Chronic pain chiropractor balmain

Chronic Pain: Why Does It Still Hurt?

Chronic pain is defined as pain that persists past the healing phase following injury and in the absence of physical tissue damage. Chronic pain is a common problem affecting 15-20% of the population and leads to substantial productivity loss: $34.3…
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Disc herniation what is happening pathophysiology cause treatment management conservative care chiro physio chiropractor physiotherapy s3c sydney spine & sports centre balmain

Disc Herniation: What is Happening?

Disc herniation involves a complex cascade of tissue injury. To understand the pathophysiological processes involved with disc herniation, it is first important to understand normal spinal conditions. There are several phases associated with disc herniation and each phase determines conservative…
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Disc herniation

Spinal Disc Herniation: When Are Scans Indicated?

There are several imaging techniques medical doctors and specialists use to diagnose spinal disc herniation. Some imaging techniques are preferred over others when practitioners aim to rule out specific spinal disc or related injuries. Plain radiograph (X-rays) or more advanced…
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Lumbar Disc Herniation: Epidemiology and Risk Factors

What are spinal discs? Spinal discs are robust structures between vertebrae (spine bones) made of fibrocartilage and a gel-like matrix, which provide shock absorption to protect the vertebrae, brain, spinal nerves, blood vessels and other soft tissue structures. The discs…
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Herniated lumbar disc

What is a herniated disc lumbar disc? The spine is made up of a number of individual bones called vertebrae. These are stacked to form the spinal column. Between every joint in the spine is a cushion called intervertebral discs,…
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Low back strains and sprains

The back is a complex part of the body. It is supported by ligaments, tendons and cartilage and bears the majority of the body’s weight during daily activities, such as walking, lifting and running. Therefore, it’s not hard to understand…
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