Shoulder instability

Clinical Considerations for Shoulder Instability

Shoulder instability is a relatively common condition seen in orthopaedic and sports medicine settings. The shoulder joint is inherently predisposed to instability because of its bony architecture: like a golf ball on a tee. The incidence of traumatic shoulder instability…
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obesity lack of physical activity chronic disease

Physical Activity and Chronic Disease

Regular exercise, and physical activity in general, is an important health promotion intervention that reduces the risk of a variety of chronic diseases, including coronary heart disease (CHD), type 2 diabetes (T2D), high blood pressure (HBP) and obesity. While the evidence is…
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Elderly population exercise balance strength training

The Importance of Physical Exercise in the Elderly

The ageing process results in an array of functional (e.g., reduced balance and strength), neurological (e.g., reduced sensations and motor control), muscular (e.g., reduced muscle size and tone), and bone-related (e.g., osteoporosis) deteriorations. These changes put the elderly population at a…
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Tendinopathy Ankle

Tendinopathy: Evidence-Based Management Strategies

Tendon injuries can be acute (sudden) or chronic (longstanding), and caused by intrinsic or extrinsic factors, either alone or in combination. Tendinopathy is a common cause of disability and accounts for a significant proportion of overuse injuries in sports. Conservative…
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active care rehabilitation ropes strengthening

The Clinical Importance of Active Care in Manual Therapy

The importance of active care, i.e., the patients’ active participation in their management, is critical to the effectiveness of such management and prognosis of their neuromusculoskeletal disorder. Manual therapy is moving away from the paradigm of extensive passive care, i.e.,…
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Dry needling therapy for calf muscle.

Evidence for Dry Needling Therapy

Dry needling therapy (DNT) refers to the insertion of thin surgical steel needles, as used in the practice of acupuncture, without injecting anything into the body. Several clinicians, such as physiotherapists, chiropractors and some medical doctors use DNT as an…
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