Sydney Chiropractor Balmain Dee Why

Glossary – Sydney Spine & Sports Centre (S3C)

This is a general list of terms that relate to chiropractic, physiotherapy, and successful back and neck pain treatments. Please contact either the Balmain or Dee Why Sydney Spine & Sports Centre (S3C) for more information.

A B C D E F G H I L M N O P R S T V X

A


Abbott- Saunders test
The Abbott-Saunders test is used to assess the integrity of the bicep tendon in the bicipital groove by placing the shoulder in large amounts of abduction
and external rotation and feeling for the biceps tendon to move in and out of the bicipital groove.

Abdomen
The abdomen is the part of the body that houses the digestive system and reproductive system. It’s the area between your ribs and pelvis.

Abdominals
The abdominals is term that is largely used to describe the muscles over your abdomen ‘6-pack’. They include the rectus abdominis, internal and external
obliques, and transverse abdominis.

Abdominal bracing
Abdominal bracing is the term used to describe a contraction of the abdominals. It is used during rehabilitation to improve the conditioning of the
abdominals.

Abdominal hollowing
This is the term given to the act of ‘drawing your belly button in” and giving your abdomen the appearing of looking hollow (sinking in).

Abductor hallucis strain
The abductor hallucis is the muscle that runs on the inside of the foot and bends the big toe out. When this becomes irritated and disrupted (tears) it is
called abductor hallucis strain.

Absorptiometry
This is a special technique used to measure the amount of radiation absorbed by tissues such as bone. It is a way to determine bone density.

Acceleration-deceleration injuries
This is a way to describe what we call a whiplash injury. There is acceleration and then a sudden deceleration (slowing down).

Acute inflammation
Inflammation that was been present for less that 4 weeks.

Acute neck pain
Neck pain that has been present for less than 4 weeks.

Acute mid back pain
Mid back pain that has been present for less than 4 weeks.

Acute low back pain
Low back pain that has been present for less than 4 weeks.

Acute lower back pain
Lower back pain that has been present for less than 4 weeks.

Acute shoulder pain
Shoulder pain that has been present for less than 4 weeks.

Acute elbow pain
Elbow pain that has been present for less than 4 weeks.

Acute wrist pain
Wrist pain that has been present for less than 4 weeks.

Acute hand pain
Hand pain that has been present for less than 4 weeks.

Acute hip pain
Hip pain that has been present for less than 4 weeks.

Acute knee pain
Knee pain that has been present for less than 4 weeks.

Acute ankle pain
Ankle pain that has been present for less than 4 weeks.

Acute foot pain
Foot pain that has been present for less than 4 weeks.

Active joint movement
Joint movements that can be achieved by voluntary movement of that joint. Usually what you show a chiropractor or physiotherapist during an assessment

Accessory joint movement
Joint movements beyond what can be done voluntarily. This movement is assessed with pressure from a chiropractor or physiotherapist over the joint

Achilles tendinopathy
Clinical term that implies pain, swelling, and reduced function of the Achilles tendon. Typically painful overuse but the term tendinopathy does not define the underlying pathological process causing the symptoms. Chiropractors and physiotherapists will use this term in the clinical setting often

Achilles paratenonopathy
A chiropractor or physiotherapist will use this term when the paratenon is clinically affected

Achilles panatendinopathy
A chiropractor or physiotherapist will use this terms when both the tendon and the paratenon are clinically affected

Achilles tendinosis
This is a histologic finding (under microscope) and involves a mucoid degeneration and collagen disorganisation with thin the Achilles tendon.
Chiropractors and physiotherapists will not use this term often

Achilles paratenonitis
This is a histologic finding (under microscope) and involves hyperaemia and inflammatory cells. Fibrosis and thickening. It is most common in specimens
from younger patients. This is not a term used regularly from chiropractors and physiotherapists

Achilles tendinitis
Inflammation of the Achilles tendon, particularly the peritendon. Not a term used often anymore as it implies that there is always inflammation present and
in most situations there is not. Chiropractors and physiotherapists will only use this term because everyone knows it and its easily to get a point across

Acromioclavicular (AC) joint
Joint between the acromion process of the scapula and the middle surface of clavicle (collar bone). A lot of chiropractors and physiotherapists will use
the abbreviated AC joint.

Acupuncture
typically assumes the use of small needle inserted into the muscles across various locations in the body to achieve a therapeutic effect. Chiropractors and
physiotherapists usually may call this dry needling or musculoskeletal acupuncture.

Adductor tendinopathy
Clinical term that implies pain, swelling, and reduced function of the adductor tendon. Typically painful overuse but the term tendinopathy does not define
the underlying pathological process causing the symptoms. Chiropractors and physiotherapists will use this term in the clinical setting often

Adductor paratenonopathy
A chiropractor or physiotherapist will use this term when the adductor paratenon is clinically affected

Adductor panatendinopathy
A chiropractor or physiotherapist will use this terms when both the adductor tendon and the paratenon are clinically affected

Adductor tendinosis
This is a histologic finding (under microscope) and involves a mucoid degeneration and collagen disorganisation with thin the adductor tendon.
Chiropractors and physiotherapists will not use this term often

Adductor paratenonitis
This is a histologic finding (under microscope) and involves hyperaemia and inflammatory cells. Fibrosis and thickening. It is most common in specimens
from younger patients. This is not a term used regularly from chiropractors and physiotherapists

Adductor tendinitis
Acute inflammation of the adductor tendon. Commonly occurring in athletes and horse riders. Chiropractors and physiotherapists will use this term.

Analgesia
Pain relief. A chiropractor or physiotherapist can do this through a varieties of treatments.

Ankle sprain
A stretched or torn ligament of the ankle. Very common presentation to physiotherapists and chiropractors.

Ankylosing spondylitis
A chronic inflammatory autoimmune disease that causes inflammation of the spine and other joints. Chiropractors and physiotherapist see this presentation
often.

Apophyseal joint
Also known as a zygapophysial joint. These joints join two segments of the spine together. These are the joints that ‘crack’ when a chiropractor or
physiotherapist manipulates your spine.

Annulus fibrosis
This is the tough outer surface of the intervertebral disc. The very outer layers are ligamentous that secures the disc the vertebrae above and below.
Chiropractors and physiotherapist don’t usually say this as it is confusing, they will oftern just refer to the whole disc as a disc.

Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL)
This is a ligament of the knee that is commonly injuries during twisting or deceleration of the knee.

Anti-inflammatory medication
Medications that actively reduce acute and chronic inflammation. Your chiropractor or physiotherapist may suggest taking these when inflammation is
present.

Apley’s test
Orthopaedic test of the knee. Targets the integrity of the meniscus. Used often by chiropractors and physiotherapists.

Apprehension test
A test that puts a joint in a position where it may feel like it’s about to dislocate. The chiropractor or physiotherapist will then note the patients face
or body language for apprehension.

Arthroscopy
The procedure where an endoscope (arthroscope) is inserted into a joint for observation or to perform surgery. Chiropractors and physiotherapists may have
to send you for one of these.

Articular cartilage
This is the cartilage that covers the ends of bones and forms the surfaces of joints. Chiropractors and physiotherapist promote strategies to preserve
this.

Atrophy
Describes a muscles shrinking in size due to a physiological or disease process. Common atrophies are observed after injury or surgery by chiropractors and
physiotherapists.

Avascular necrosis
This describes cell death due to a lack of blood supply. It commonly occurs after a fall onto the wrist. This is why chiropractors and physiotherapists
take these injuries so seriously.

Avulsion
This describes the action of tearing off or pulling away. Very common presentation to a chiropractor or physiotherapist.

Achilles tendon rupture

Acidosis

ACL

Acromioclavicular osteolysis

Active ankle brace

Active release technique (ART)

Active straight leg raise

Activities of daily living

Acute brachial neuritis

Acute injuries

Adhesive capsulitis of ankle

Adhesive capsulitis of shoulder

Adjustments

Adolescent patients

Adsons test

Advice

Age factor

Airway

Alexandrain posture

Allergic rhinitis

Allergies

Allmans classification for clavicular fractures

Altitude training

Anabolic steroids

Anaerobic glycolysis

Anaphylatic shock

Androgenic steroids

Anemia

Anuerysmal bone cyst

Aniscoria

Ankle injuries

Anatomy

Ankle fractures

Ankle sprains

Ankylosing spondylitis

Anorexia nervosa

Anterial tarsal tunnel syndrome

Anterior cruciate ligament

Anterior draws sign

Anterior drawer test

Anterior interosseous syndrome

Anterior knee pain

Anterior meniscofemoral ligament

Anterior glide

Anterior talar impingement syndrome

Anterior talofibular liagemnt (ATFL)

Antiestrogens

Anti-inflammatory deit

Antioxidants

Aortic insufficiency

Aortic stenosis

Apophyseal injuries

Arcade of Frishe

Arcade of Struthers

Arthritis

Arthrography

ASLR

Asphyxia

Asymmetric overload syndrome

Asymmetry

Atelectasis

Athletes heart

Athletic footwear

ATP

Attrition (burnout)

Axillary nerve

Axonotmesis

B

Baker’s cyst Common name for inflammation of the semimembranosus or the medial gastrocnemius bursa. Common presentation to our chiropractors and physiotherapists in Balmain and Dee Why

Bankart lesion An injury to the anterior shoulder following an anterior shoulder dislocation. The labrum of the gleniod is torn leaving an anterior pouch.

Biarthrodial muscles These are muscles that cross two different joints. They are usually more prone to injury and our chiropractors and physiotherapists in Balmain and Dee Why certainly see this

Biarthrodial muscles Muscles that span over two joints and have a function over those joints e.g. biceps brachii – shoulder flexion and elbow flexion.

Biofeedback This is the process of converting movement and physiological processes to conscious awareness. One common way our chiropractors or physiotherapist will do this is by filming a patient performing a task

Bone density testing this is a procedure to measure bone density or strength. Sometimes our chiropractors and physiotherapists will suggest this procedure.

Bone scan A bone scan is a special test that looks for damage in bones. It can detect infection, cancer and trauma. Our chiropractors and physiotherapists may suggest this in certain cases.

Bruxism Bruxism is grinding of the teeth.

Bucket handle tear This is a type of tear of the meniscus of the knee joint that forms a handle type flap that can be lodged into the joint or cause it tearing further. It is a common cause of a locked knee. Our chiropractors and physiotherapists will test for this during a knee exam.

Bursa sac of fluid with a function to reduce friction between structures. Bursae are a common pain sensitive structure and our chiropractors and physiotherapists treat bursae injuries commonly.

Bursitis Inflammation of a bursa, from irritation, infection or trauma. Our Sydney chiropractors and physiotherapists treat various forms of bursitis often.

Back extensors

Blance boards

Bakers cyst

Ballistic

Ballottement test

Bankart fracture

Bankart lesion

BAPS board

Barkov’s ligament

Basal metabolic rate

Battles sign

BCAA

Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo

Bennetts fracture

Berg balance scale

Biceps brachii

Beiceps femoris

Biceps load test I and II

Biceps tendon

Bifurcate ligament sprain

Blackburn exercises

Bladder injury

Blisters

Bochdalek hernia

Bodyblade

Bone contusions

Bone cysts

Bone mass density

Bone tumours

Booth and Marvel transverse humeral ligament test

Boston overlap brace

Bounce home test

Boutonniere deformity

Bolwers thumb

Boxing

Brachial plexus

Brandt-Daroff exercises

Breast injuries

Breast pain

Bulimia nervosa

Bunion

Burner/stinger syndrome

Bursae

Bone bruise

Bilateral

Best practice guidelines

C

C-reactive protein

Calcaneal fibular ligament

Calcaneocubiod joint

CAM

Camelback sign of patella alta

Cardiac muscle

Cardiac tamponed

Cardiovascular training

Cardiovascular disorders

Carpal bones

Carpal bossing

Carpal dislocations

Carpal tunnel syndrome

Carpometacarpal joint

Cavovarus foot

Central fatigue

Central nervous system

Cerebral blood supply

Cervical nerve roots

Cervical pain

Cervical spine rehabilitation

Chest imaging

Cheyne-Stokes pattern

Chiropractors

Clarkes test

Clavicle

Claw toes

Closed chain rehabilitation exercises

Cochrane review

Codmans exercises

Collateral ligament injury

Colles fracture

Coma

Common fibularis

Compartment syndrome

Complex regional pain syndrome

Complications

Contraindications

Compression fractures

Compression splint

Computed tomography (CT)

Concussion

Conditioning

Condyles

Congenital heart disease

Congenital kyphosis

Conservative management

Continuous training

Contractibility of muscles

Control model

Contusions

Cooldown

Copenhagen neck disability scale

Coracohumeral arch

Core stabilisation

Cortisone

Costocondral separations

Costochondral trauma

Costoclavicular syndrome

Costosternal articulations

Costovertebral joints

Cozens test

Craig test

Cranial nerve examination

Cranial nerve palsies

Crossbridge cycling

Crossover test

Cruciate ligament injuries

Cryotherapy

CT athrography

Cumulative injury cycle

Cushing’s triad

Cyclist palsy

Calcaneal spur

Carpal tunnel

Carpal tunnel syndrome

Cauda equina

Cavitation

Central nervous system

Cervical spine

Chondromalacia patellae

Clarke’s test

Cloward’s spots

Coccydynia Pain

Colle’s fracture

Compartment syndrome

Conjoint tendon

Contusion

Coronary ligament

Corticosteroids

Cortisone

Costochondral junction

Crepitus

D

DALE (disability adjusted life expectancy)

De Kkeyn’s test

De Quervains disease

Deep peroneal nerve entrapment

Dee water running

Dehydration

Delayed onset muscle soreness

Delta single leg stance

Deltoid

Deltoid strength

Dementia

Depression

Dermatologic disorders

Dermatomes

DFLE (disability-free life expectancy)

Diabetes

Diaz’s disease

Diffuse brain injuries

Dilated cardiomyopathies

DIP joint

Disc

Disc lesions

Discogenic pain

Discontinuous muscle regeneration

Dislocations

Distal biceps tendon rupture

Distal radio (Galaezzi’s) fracture

Distal radio fractures

Distal radioulnar joint

Distal tibiofibular joint

Dix-halpite maneuver

Dizziness

DonJoy legend brace

Dorsal extrinsic ligaments of the wrist

Dorsal pedal artery entrapment

Dorsal PIP dislocations

Double crush syndrome

Drop test (pelvic)

Duty of care

Duverney’s fracture

Dynamic flexibility

Dynamic Lachmans test

Dynamic posterior shift test

Dyskinesis, scapular

Quervain’s disease

Deep transverse frictions

Deep vein thrombosis (DVT)

Dermatome

Disc herniation

Discectomy

Diarthrodial joints

Double crush syndrome

Dupuytren’s contracture

Dura mater

Dynamometer

E

EAST (external abduction rotation stress test)

Eating disorders

Eccentric contraction

Ehlers-Danlos syndrome

Elastic stretch

Elasticity of muscles

Elbow injuries

Elderly

Electron beam computed tomography

End-plate fractures

Encephalopathy

End feel/ End play

Endometriosis

Endurance training

Energy systems in the human body

Epiphyseal injuries

Epley manoevuer

Erb’s point

Erector spinae

Eversion injuries

Eversion test

Ewings sarcoma

Exercise induced asthma

Exercise physiology

Exertion induced side ache

Exostosis

Extensibility of muscle

Extensor carpi radialis brevis (ECRB)

Extensor carpi radialis longus (ECRL)

Extensor digitorum brevis disruption

Extensor disorders of the knee

External rotation stress

Extracorporeal shock wave therapy

Extremities

Extrinsic dorsal tendons

Eye hand coordination

Eye injury

Eccentric

Ecchymosis

Effusion

Electrical stimulation

Electrotherapy

Electromyography

Endfeel

Endorphins

Entrapment neuropathy

Erector spinae

Ergonomics

Extra-articular

Extraneural

F

Fabere test

Facet joint

Family history

Fascial hernia

Fast twitch muscle

FAT (femail athlete triad)

Fatigue

Fatty acids

FBI sign

Female athlete injuries

Femoral nerve

Fibroplasia

Figure 8 taping

Finkelsteins test

First metarsalphalageal joint

Fitter board exercises

Fixation

Flexibility

Flexion rotation drawer test

Felxor digitorum long musculotendinosis disruption

Flexor digitorum superficialis

Flexor hallicus longus musculotendinoius disruption

Flexor pronator tendinosis

Flexor tendon injuries

Fluctuation test

Fluoroscopy

Focal brain injuries

Foot and ankle

Foot fractures

Football injuries

Footballers ankle

Footwear

Fracture

Freiberg’s disease

Fabella

Faber test

Facet joint

Fasciotomy

Fat pad

Fibrositis

Finkelstein’s test

Freiberg’s disease

Frozen shoulder

G

Galeazzi’s fracture

Gamekeepers thumb

Ganglion cyst

Gastrocnemius

Gastrosolues

Get up and go test

Gilcrest sign

Gillets test

GIRD (glenohumeral internal rotation deficiency)

Glasgow Coma Scale

Glenohumeral joint

Glenoid fossa

Gleniod labrum

Gluteus maximus

Gluteus medius and minimus

Golfers elbow

Gonadal trauma

Goose foot muscles

Gait

Trendelenburg sign.

Ganglion

Gastrocnemius

Genu valgum

Genu varum

Gerdy’s tubercle

Gluteus maximus

Goniometer

Gout

Grades of movement

Groin injuries

H

Hallux limitus

Hallus rigidus

Hallus valgus

Hamate

Hammertoes

Hamstrings

Hand

Hand help dynamomter

Handcuff nerve injury

Hautants test

Head imagine

Heart disease

Heat stress

Heel pain syndrome

Heel spurs

HEENT (head eyes ears nose throat) exam

Helfets test

Helmets in sport

Hepatic trauma

Hepatitis

High intensity zone

Hills-Sach lesions

Hip joint

Hoffa’s syndrome

Hook of hamate fractures

Hyperabductoin syndrome

Hyperextension injuries

Hypermobile first ray

Hypermobile subtalar joint

Hyperpronation syndrome

Hypertension

Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy

Hypothenar hammer syndrome

Haemarthrosis

Haematoma

Hallux rigidus

Hallux valgus

Hammer toe

Hamstrings

Heel lock

Hill-Sachs lesion

Hip pointer

Horner’s syndrome

Housemaid’s knee

Hydrotherapy

Hyperextension

Hypermobility

Hypertrophy

Hypomobility

Hypoxia

I

Intrinsic disc pain (IDP)

Iliopsoas syndrome

Impact injuries

Impingement syndromes

Incontinence

Infrapatella fat pad

Infraspinatus

Intensity of training

Intercostal joints

Intercostal spasm

Interdigital neuroma

Interior drawer test

Intermediate dorsal cutaneous nerve entrapment

Intermetatrsal articulation

Interphalangeal joints

Intersection syndrome

Intervertebral derangement

Intervertebral disc

Intrathoracic visceral injuries

Intrinsic hand muscles

Intrinsic ligaments of the wrist

Inversion sign

Irritability of muscles

Ishemic compression

Isometric exercises

Iskinetic exercises

Ice therapy

Idiopathic pain

Iliopsoas

Iliotibial band

Iliotibial band friction syndrome

Immobilisation

Infrapatellar bursa

Infrapatellar fat pad

Intercostal muscles

Intervertebral disc

Intra-articular

Intraneural

Irritability

Isokinetic

Isometric

Isotonic

J

Jaw pain

Job relocation test

Joggers

Joints

Joint dysfunction

Joint contracture

Joint Oedmea

Joint fixation

Joint line

Joint line tenderness test

Jones fracture (dances fracture)

Jumpers knee

Juvenile kyphosis

Joint locking

Jordan frame

Jumper’s knee

K

Kehr’s sign

Keinboch’s disease

Kiblers anterior slide test

Kidney trauma

Kinetic chain

Knee injuries

Kocher manoeuvre

Kochler’s disease

Knee reconstruction

Kyphosis

L

Labral lesions

Labral tears

Lachmans test

Laser therapy

Lateral collateral ligament

Lateral epicondyloitis

Lateral epicondylosis

Lateral femoral cutaneous nerve

Lateral pivot shift test

Lateral plantar nerve entrapment

Lateral process of the talus

Latissimus dorsi

Law of repetitive motion

Legg-Calve-Perthes Disease

Leg injuries

Ligamentous injuries

Leg length assessment

Leg squats

Lengend brace

Leagth tension relationship

Levator scapulae

Ligament of humphery

Ligament of winslow

Ligament of Wrisberg

Lippman test

Lisfranc’s ligament

Listers tubercle

Little league elbow

Long thoracic nerve

Losee test

Low back pain

Lachman’s test

Laminectomy

Laser therapy

Lateral epicondylitis

Lateral release

Leg length

Lenox Hill brace

Loose body

Lordosis

Lumbar spine

Luschka, joints of

M

Madelungs deformity

Magnetic resonance imaging

MRI Vs MR

Maignes test

Manipulation

Marfan syndrome

McMurrays test

Medial and lateral collateral ligaments

Medial calcaneal nerve compression and heel neuromas

Median nerve

Median nerve compass

Median nerve compression

Medications

Meniscul injuries

Mensical tears

Meniscofemoral ligaments

Meniscopatellar ligaments

Menstruation

Meralgia paraesthesia

Metacarpals

Metcarpophalangeal joints

Metarsaligia

Midtarsal joint

Mild traumatic brain injury

Mills test

Mortons neuroma

Motor control

Muscle tests

Muscle strain

Myasthenia gravis

Myofascial trigger points

Myositis ossificans

Magnetic field therapy

Mallet finger

Manipulation

Manual therapy

Massage

McMurray test

Median nerve

Meniscus

Meniscectomy

Mobilisation

Morton’s neuroma

Multifidus

Myositis ossificans

Myotome

N

Nail bed injures

Neck disability index

Neck injuries

Nerve compression syndromes

Nerve entrapment syndromes

Nerve injuries

Neurapraxia

Neurological examination

Neuromusculoskeletal

Nueropraxia

Meurotmesis

Nimmo technique

Nobel’s test

Nociceptors

Nerve root compression

Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs

Nerve conduction tests

Neural mobilization

Neural tension

Neurogenic

Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs)

Nucleus pulposus

O

O’Brien’s test

Obesity

Obturator nerve

Occiptial float

Organomegaly

Orthopaedic tests

Orthostatic hypotension

Orthotics

Osgood-Schlatter’s brace

Osseous injuries

Osseus reserve concept

Osteitis condensans ilii

Osteoarthritis

Osteoblast

Osteochondritis dissecans

Osteochindroses osteoid osteoma

Osteolysis of the distal clavicle

Osteopenia

Osteoporosis

Osteonecrosis

Osteopenia

Osteopath

Osteosarcoma

Otorrhea

Ottawa rules

Overuse injures

Ober’s test

Oedema

Osgood-Schlatter’s disease

Osteitis pubis

Osteoarthritis

Osteochondritis dissecans

Osteophyte

Osteoporosis

P

Pagets disease

Pain management

Pain-spasm-pain model

Painful arch sign

Palmar fasciitis

Palpation

Pancreas

Panda bear sign

Panner’s disease

Parasympathetic nervous system

PARTS evaluation

Patella alta

Patellar inhibition test

Patellar stability

Patellar tendinopathy

Patellofemoral grinding sign

Patellofemoral joint dysfunction

Patellofemoral pain syndrome

Patricks test

Pavlov and Tog classification

Posterior cruciate ligament

Pectoralis major rupture

Pellegrini-stieda disease

Pelvic girdle syndromes

Pelvis

Perineural neuritis of the ulnar nerve

Peripheral fatigue

Periperhal joint injury

Peripheral neuropathies

Peritendonitis

Perianal tendinosis

Peroneus tertius musculotendinosis disruption

Perturbations

Pes anserine

Petrous bone

Phalangeal fractures

Phalens test

Posterior interosseous nerve

Piriformis syndrome

Pivto shift test

Pivot shift phenomenon

Planes and axis of the body

Plantar digital nerve entrapment

Plantar fasciitis

Plantar fat pad injury

Plantar fibromas

Plantar midfoot

Plantarflexed first ray deformity

Plantarus musculotendinosis disruption

Plexius traction injuries

Plica

Plica sutter test

Plica tests

Pluses exercises

Plyometrics

Pneumothorax

Popliteal artery entrapment syndrome

Pontine exercises

Poplitteus

Popliteus tendinitis

Post isometric relaxation stretch

Postconcussive syndrome

Posterior ankle impingement

Posterior cruciate ligament

Posterior drawers test

Posterior interosseous nerve

Posterior interosseous syndrome

Posterior medial impingement syndrome

Posterior meniscofemoral ligament

Posterior sag sign

Posterior tibial nerve entrapment and medial tarsal tunnel syndrome

Posterior tibial tendon

Postural kyphosis

PPE – preparticipation evaluation

Pregnancy

PRICES approach to treatment

Primary degenerative joint disease

Progeria

Progressive overload

Pronation

Pronator syndrome

Propriceptive neuromuscular facilitation

Pseudo-Finkelsteins test

Pulmonary contusion

Palpation

Passive accessory intervertebral movements (PAIVMs)

Passive physiological intervertebral movements (PPIVMs)

Patellar dislocation/subluxation

Patellar tendinitis

Patello-femoral dysfunction

Periostitis

Perthe’s disease

Pes anserinus bursitis

Pes cavus

Pes planus

Phalen’s test

Piriformis syndrome

Pivot shift

Plantar fasciitis

Plicae

Prepatellar bursitis

Proprioception

Proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation (PNF)

Pubic symphysis

Q

Q-angle

Quadratus lumborum

Quadriceps

Quadriceps active test

Quervains Paratenonitis

R

Raccoon sign

Radial and ulnar arteries

Radial head subluxation

Radial nerve

Radial nerve compression

Radial nerve palsy

Radial tunnel syndrome

Radiation of pain

Radicular pain

Referred pain

Radiocarpal joint

Radiography

Radiohumeral joint

Range of motion

Referred pain patterns

Reflex therapy

Rehabilitation

Reiters syndrome

Renal trauma

Repetitive strains

Resistance exercises

Restriction of sports activities

Reverse Lachmans

Reverse pivot shift test

Review of symptoms

Rheumatoid arthritis

Rhomberg manoeuvre for balance

Rhomboids

Ribs

Roos stress test

Rotator cuff

Runners toe

Rusts sign

Reflex sympathetic dystrophy (RSD)

Rehabilitation

Reiter’s syndrome

Retrolisthesis

Rheumatoid arthritis

R.I.C.E.

Rotator cuff

S

Sabre shin deformity

Salter-Harris epiphyseal fracture

Saphenous nerve entrapment

Scalp injuries

Scaphoid fracture

Scaphoid impaction syndrome

Scapholunate ligament injury

Scapula

Scapular rotation

Scapulothoracic articulation

Scapulothoracic articulation

Scars

Scheumans disease

Sciatic nerve

Scintigraphy

Scoliosis

Second impact syndrome

Seizures

Semeimembranous

Semitendinosis

Sensorimotor training

Sesamoiditis

Severs disease

Shepherds fracture

Shin splints

Shock

Shoulder injuries

Sternoclavicular dislocations

Shoulder joint complex

Shoulder manipulation

Shultz Osgood-Schlatter Brace

SICK scapula position

Side to side test

Skeletal muscles

Skiers thumb

Skull fractures

SLAP lesions

Slipped capital femoral epiphysis

Slide gliding

Slocums pivot shift test

Slocums test

Low twitch muscle

Snapping hip syndrome

Snapping hip syndrome coxa saltans

Snellen chart

Social history

Soft tissue injuries

Soft tissue pain and dysfunction

Soft tissue therapy

Solar plexus

Somatic dysfunction

Specificity of training

Space of Poirier

Speeds test

Spinal accessory nerve

Spinal adjustment

Spinal segmental stabilisation training

Spondylolysis

Spondylolisthesis

Spinous process

Spleen

Sports health care team

Sprung pelvis

Squeeze test

Standard of care

Standardised assessment of concussion

Standing heel raise

Static flexibility

Static stretching

Steinmans test

Stenosing tenosynovitis

Sternal trauma

Sternocalvicular joint

Sternocostal joints

Sternomioclavicular joint

Stieda’s process

Stimsons technique

Stingers syndrome

Straddle fractures

Straight leg raise

Strength training

Stress fractures

Stretching

Stroke test

Subclavious

Subdeltiod joint

Subluxation

Subscapularis

Subtalarr joint

Subungual hematoma

Sullivans sign

Superficial peroneal nerve entrapment

Superior gleniod labral lesions

Superior labral anterior posterior lesions

Superior tibiofibular joint

Supination and pronation

Supraspinatus

Supraspinatus outlet impingement

Sural and lateral dorsal cutaneous nerve entrapment

Sympathetic nervous system

Syndrome X

Sacro-iliac joint

Scaphoid fracture

Scapula

Scapulo-humeral rhythm

Scheuermann’s disease

Schmorl’s node

Sciatica

Sclerotome

Scoliosis

Sequestrated disc

Sesamoiditis

Sever’s disease

Shin splints

Sinding-Larsen-Johansson’s disease

Sinuvertebral nerve

Slump test

Spina bifida occulta

Spinal canal stenosis

Spondylolisthesis

Spondylolysis

Spondylosis

Straight leg raise (SLR)

Strain

Stress fracture

Subacromial space

Sudeck’s atrophy

Sympathetic Dystrophy

Supraspinatus impingement

Supraspinatus tendonitis

T

Talocalcaneal joint (subtalar joint)

Talocrural joint

Talonavicular joint

Taping and bracing

Tardy ulna nerve palsy

Tarsal tunnel syndrome

Tarsmatatarsal joint

Temperomandibular joint

Tendinosis

Tendon injuries

Tendon stability test

Tendon xanthoma

Tendonitits

Tennis elbow

Tennis leg

Tenosynovitis

Tensile strength

Tensor fascia lata

Teres major

Teres minor

Terminal knee extension

Terry Thomas sign

Theraband exercises

Thigh

Thoracic outlet syndrome

Throwing injuries

Tibial nerve

Tibial spine fractures

Tibialis anterior musculotendinous disruption

Tibialis posterior musculotendinous disruption

Tibiofemoral joint

Tilt chin life manoeuvre

Timing of symptoms

Tinels sign

Tissue

Toe crunches

Tone, temperature and texture of soft tissue

Too many toe sign

Transverse abdominals

Transverse ligament

Transverse process

Trapezius

Treatment

Triangular fibrocartilage complex

Triceps brachnii

Triceps tendinosis

Triceps tendon rupture

Tricuspid and pulmonary diseases

Trigger finger

Trunk

Turf toe

Type IV afferents

T4 syndrome

Temporomandibular joint (TMJ)

Tendonitis

Tennis elbow

Tenosynovitis

Thomas’s test

Thoracic outlet syndrome

Thoracic spine

Traction

Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation (TENS)

Trendelenburg gait

Trendelenburg test

Trigger finger

Trochanteric bursitis

U

Uncovertebral joint

Upper limb tension test (ULTT)

Ulnar collateral ligament

Ulnar impingement syndrome

Ulnar nerve

Ulnar nerutis

Ultrasound

Underbergers test

Unilateral On one side of the body

Upper cross syndrome

V

Valgus deformity

Varus deformity

Vastus intermedius Part of the quadriceps muscle group located in the middle

Vastus lateralis Part of the quadriceps muscle group located on the outer aspect

Vastus medialis Part of the quadriceps muscle group located on the inner aspect

Vertebral artery testing Test used by chiropractor and physiotherapists to test integrity of the vertebral artery

Valsalva manoeuvre

Visceral Related to the internal organs of the body

Visceral muscle Muscle associated with the internal organs of the body

Vital signs

Volar DIP joint dislocation

Volar intracapsular ligament of the wrist

Volar plates

W

Winging scapula

Wobble board Also called a stability board or stability pad used by chiropractors and physiotherapist to retain proprioception and control during rehabilitation.

Waldron’s test

Walking

Warm up

Weight bearing exercises

Wilsons test

Wolff-Parkinson-White Syndrome

Wright’s hyperabduction test

Wristwatch nerve injury

X

X-rays Radiographs use to image the body. Chiropractors and physiotherapists will use these often.

Y

Yergason’s test Special test that focuses on the shoulder and specifically the biceps tendon. You chiropractor or physiotherapist will use this test to look for biceps tendon subluxation.

Z

Zygapophyseal joints These are the joints that join two vertebrae together and are located at the back (posterior) of spinal joints. They are the joints that produce the cracking sound when a chiropractor or physiotherapist manipulates the spine.

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