Shin splint symptoms involve pain that comes on gradually on the inside lower part of the shinbone. While exercising may ease pain, it will often come back worse later in the exercise session or afterwards, with symptoms worsening the next morning. Bumps and swelling can also appear along the inside of the bone with redness and inflammation appearing in more severe cases.
Shin splints is a term given to pain along the inside of the shinbone. It is not an actual injury or diagnosis. Formally, it is called medial tibial stress syndrome or medial tibial traction periostitis. The cause of this syndrome is due to the muscles of the lower leg pulling on the sheath surrounding the shinbone. The most common cause of this occurring is through overuse, excessive training and running on your toes. Other causes can include biomechanical factors such as feet rolling in or tight calf muscles.
Treatment is focused on reducing pain and inflammation and correcting biomechanical problems. Treatment options include:
- Applying P.R.I.C.E (protection, rest, ice, compression and elevation) to reduce pain and inflammation
- Apply a cold pack to the area every hour for 10 minutes then reduce this to 3 – 4 time a day as required
- Tape the shin using a simple shin taping technique
- Anti-inflammatory medication prescribed by a general practitioner
- A rehabilitation program involving stretching and exercises
- Orthotic insoles to correct biomechanical problems
- Tape the shin using a simple shin taping technique.
There will be a large activity modification and exercises loading program component to treatments at Sydney Spine & Sports Centre (S3C). Our chiropractors and physiotherapists will personalise this to each individual case.