Medial meniscus tear
A medial meniscus tear is a tear to the semi circular cartilage in the knee.
Twisting the knee is the most common cause of cartilage meniscus. Other causes can be in conjunction with another injury and degeneration, especially in elderly patients.
Both knees have two crescent-shaped cartilage menisci. These cartilage acts as shock absorbers for the knee and when the knee experiences twisting and compression of the cartilage they can tear. Different ways in which the cartilage can tear include bucket handle tears, degenerative, longitudinal and radial tears.
Symptoms include gradual or sudden pain in the inside of the knee when completely bending or squatting down. There may also be swelling, the knee giving way or locking. Tenderness will be experienced along the joint line reducing range of motion.
A chiropractor or physiotherapist will be able to make a specific diagnosis and begin treatment or refer you to the appropriate practitioner.
Treatment options include:
- Applying P.R.I.C.E (protection, rest, ice, compression and elevation)
- Applying cold pack to reduce swelling and inflammation
- Resting to allow injured tissue to heal
- Wearing a knee support or hinged brace.
Once the injury has been diagnosed, your chiropractor or physiotherapist will advise if the injury should be treated conservatively (without surgery) or to operate.
Conservative treatment involves continuing P.R.I.C.E to reduce pain, swelling and inflammation, anti-inflammatory medication, electrotherapy and a joint healing supplement.