Dee Why Chiropractor Treatments

Calf pain

Calf pain is an extremely common presentation to one of our chiropractors or physiotherapists in Balmain and Dee Why. Most cases of calf pain can be treated with simple treatments and give lasting results.

Common causes

The soleus muscles and the gastrocnemius together make up the calf muscles. Calf strains are tears that occur in these areas. There are different types of calf strains, including:

  • Calf muscle contusion: Occuring at the back of the lower leg from a direct blow that causes the bone to bleed and be in pain and swell. Treatment includes ice, rest, stretching, strengthening exercises.
  • Cramp in the calf muscle: This is a painful sudden, involuntary contraction. This kind of cramp can be experienced at the end of a long and hard exercise session. Causes of the cramp are suspected to be low salt and carbohydrate levels and dehydration.
  • DOMS (delayed onset muscle soreness): DOMS is muscle soreness that occurs in the hours after exercise. Time is the most effective form of treatment.

If you have an existing injury elsewhere, this pain can move itself into the back of the lower leg, which can be mistaken as a calf injury. Calf pain can be referred from the lower back through pressure on the sciatic nerve. Swelling at the back of the knee or a Bakers cyst can also refer pain into the calf.

Less common causes

Less common causes include:

  • Posterior deep compartment syndrome: This is where the muscles become too large for the sheath surrounding it. A direct blow can cause this, making the muscle bleed, or it can occur gradually. Pain during exercise will be experienced, causing the person to stop their session.
  • Stress fracture of the fibula: This is a hairline crack in the bone caused by overuse or repetitive stress. This fracture is less common that a stress fracture. Pain on the fibula bone deep in the calf muscles is the most common symptom.
  • Stress fracture of the tibula: This is a hairline fracture in the weight bearing tibula bone. This fracture is caused by overuse. Shin pain is likely to be experienced in the lower third of the inside of the shin and in the calf.
  • Varicose veins can also be the cause of calf pain.

If you have an existing injury elsewhere, this pain can move itself into the back of the lower leg, which can be mistaken as a calf injury. Calf pain can be referred from the lower back through pressure on the sciatic nerve. Swelling at the back of the knee or a Bakers cyst can also refer pain into the calf.


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