Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) tear
Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries are often the result of contact sport. These injuries are also often the cause of other injuries associated with damage to other structures.
ACL tears are often the cause of a bad twisting with the most common symptom being pain in the knee. Most people explain that they heard a pop or crack at the time of the injury.
A feeling of instability in the knee and swelling will usually develop, with the feeling of swelling being caused by the excess of blood in the joint after rupturing the blood vessel.
Twisting and contact sports are the most common cause of an ACL tear. This kind of injury results in other associated injuries to other structures of the knee joint, which will also need to be diagnosed and treated.
If you have torn your ACL, or think you have, we recommend you contact your practitioner to receive a diagnosis and the appropriate treatment as soon as possible.
Immediate treatment options include applying P.R.I.C.E (protection, rest, ice, compression and elevation) for the first 72 hours or until you see a practitioner and seek advice.
Once the injury has been diagnosed, your practitioner will advise if the injury should be treated conservatively (without surgery) or to operate. Each case is different and the decision to operate will be based on the age, occupation, lifestyle and instability of the knee of the person. A surgeon will be able to advise of the type of surgery that will be most effective. If surgery is recommended, the operation will be performed as soon as possible or in the coming days or week from when the injury occurred and pre-injury exercises will be recommended.
If surgery is not recommended, your practitioner will provide you with mobility and strengthening exercises you can do to heal the injury to your knee.